Women with HIV who are pregnant are advised to continue to take antiretroviral treatment. Because pregnant women who undergo treatment during pregnancy can reduce the risk of transmission of the HIV virus to their babies to below 1%. Pregnant women living with HIV are at risk of passing the virus on to the baby. This transmission process occurs when the baby is still in the womb, during labor and while breastfeeding. You can visit the Best Urgent Care in Macomb MI and do a consultation.
The risk of transmitting the HIV virus from mother to baby in the womb can be reduced in the following ways:
– Underwent combination therapy or highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) during pregnancy. About 1 in 4 babies born to mothers who are HIV positive and who do not undergo this therapy will contract HIV.
– Babies receive antiretroviral treatment during labor and after birth.
– Breastfeeding a baby with breast milk is still recommended by the WHO, but it is expected that mothers undergo antiretroviral treatment on an ongoing basis, to prevent HIV transmission in infants.
If the mother with HIV has received regular treatment until the virus is no longer detected in the blood through viral load testing, the mother can be considered to be able to give birth with a normal process, without increasing the risk of HIV transmission to the baby. But in some other cases, the doctor may give a recommendation for pregnant women to give birth by Caesarean section to reduce the risk of transmission. This is done if the mother had not previously undergone combination therapy and if the level of the virus could still be detected in the blood.
Always ask for medication safety to treat HIV to your doctor, before consuming it. Some types of drugs have the risk of endangering the fetus so it is not recommended to be consumed during pregnancy. Also, ask the possibility of additional drugs needed to prevent transmission to the womb.